Ushuaia in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, is the southernmost city in the world, and the principal gateway to Antarctica. The city is surrounded by coastal forests and by mountains of the Andes. Directly on the Beagle Channel (named after Darwin's expedition ship), Ushuaia is about 600 miles across the Drake Channel from the Antarctic peninsula.
South Georgia Island
As a sub-Antarctic island, not many people have ever set foot on South Georgia Island. Only ships and yachts can take you there, as there is no airfield. It is one of the most remote and beautiful spots on the planet, with mountains standing some 7,000 feet from the ocean, and awesome glaciers, as well as beaches and low grassy areas on the shore.
Wildlife is everywhere in abundance. South Georgia hosts millions of fur seals and elephant seals, and even more penguins, both King & Macaroni penguins. You will also see colonies of Albatross, who come to the island for breeding, but spend most of their life at sea.
Tristan da Cunha (British Overseas Territory)
Situated in the middle of the South Atlantic, some 1,700 miles from the nearest mainland (South Africa's Cape of Good Hope) Tristan da Cunha is the remotest island in the world. It's volcanic peak rises out of the ocean crowned with an almost permanent cap of white cloud. Summer on on the island comes from December to March. During the winter months the central peak, rising to a height of 6,594 feet, is covered in snow.
The island is roughly circular in shape with an average diameter a bit over 6 miles, and a total area of 30 square miles of which less than 2 square miles is flat. During the wet season steep valleys become fast running torrents, washing minerals down the slopes to the flat land below. On the northwestern plain, the deposits have formed green fields where the islanders grow their potatoes.
The 25 miles of coastline, comprising magnificient basalt cliffs, some rising steeply to 2,000 feet, is exposed to storms. The surrounding seas are rich in fish, providing Tristan da Cunha with one of its main sources of revenue. The other main source of income is the sale of postage stamps, which are collected by numerous philatelists and collectors all over the world.
When sailing from Brazil to the Cape of Good Hope, the Portuguese navigator Tristao da Cunha discovered the island. However he found it was impossible to land as the sea was tempesteous. The first settler to arrive on the island was an american - Captain Jonathan Lambert - who landed in 1811 and promptly claimed absolute possession of the island. Unfortunately, he drowned while fishing in 1812. In 1816, the British annexed the island and set up a garrison as a precaution against the French who, it was thought, were planning to recue Napoleon from exile on the island of St Helena.
Cape Town, South Africa
Cape Town is at the southern tip of Africa, where the Atlantic and Indian Oceans meet at the Cape of Good Hope. Situated at a major crossroads of the maritime world, Cape Town is a cosmopolitan city with residents and visitors of many nationalities. The climate is not too warm in summer, not very cold in winter, and rather Mediterranean in character, with cooling breezes and even strong winds to cool hot days.
You may choose to ride by cable car to the top of Table Mountain, a distinct landfall for mariners for centuries, and now a National Monument with magnificent vistas. On the eastern side of Table Mountain lie Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens, a National Park, boasting thousands of indigenous plant species.
Visit notorious Robben Island where during Apartheid political prisoners were kept.
There are many restaurants with all sorts of cuisine, as well as pubs and night clubs - in short a very active nightlife for your enjoyment. If you want to go diving, go to Kalik Bay, or swim at one of the many gorgeous beaches close to Cape Town.